General InformationFounded: Human settlement in the area dates back 6,000 yearsLanguage: ChineseArea of Jurisdiction: 11,067 Square kilometers Population: 2.721 millionHeight: 1,133 meters above sea levelLocation: Qingdao is in the eastern Shandong Province on the east coast of China as well as one of the largest cities in Shandong province, borders Yantai to the northeast, Weifang to the west and Rizhao to the southwest.Twin city agreement signature date: May 9, 2012. Qingdao is a city in eastern Shandong Province on the east coast of China as well as one of the largest cities in Shandong province. Administered at the sub-provincial level, Qingdao has jurisdiction over six districts and four county-level cities. As of 2014 Qingdao had a population of 9,046,200 with an urban population of 6,188,100. Lying across the Shandong Peninsula and looking out to the Yellow Sea, it borders Yantai to the northeast, Weifang to the west and Rizhao to the southwest. Qīng (青) in Chinese means "cyan" or "greenish-blue", while dǎo (岛) means "island".Qingdao is a major seaport, naval base, and industrial centre. The world's longest sea bridge, the Jiaozhou Bay Bridge, links the main urban area of Qingdao with Huangdao district, straddling the Jiaozhou Bay sea areas. It is also the site of the Tsingtao Brewery, the second largest brewery in China.In 2016, Qingdao ranks 79th in the Global Financial Centres Index published by the Z/Yen Group and Qatar Financial Centre Authority, the other Chinese cities on the list being Hong Kong, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Beijing and Dalian. In 2007, Qingdao was named as among China's top ten cities by the Chinese Cities Brand Value Report, which was released at the 2007 Beijing Summit of China Cities Forum. In 2009, Qingdao was named China's most livable city by the Chinese Institute of City Competitiveness. Economy
An important region in Eastern China, Shandong Province has seen substantial change in its economic landscape in recent years. Much of this development has been concentrated in Qingdao. Qingdao has seen rapid development. With an annual growth rate of 18.9 percent in 2006, the city's GDP reached 42.3 billion, ranking first in Shandong Province and tenth out of China's top 20 cities.GDP per capita comprised ¥52,895 (US$7,616) in 2008. The GDP has grown steadily at an average pace of 16% annually. In 2006, Qingdao was ranked one of six "golden cities" by the World Bank, out of 120 Chinese cities assessed on factors including investment, climate and government effectiveness. Internationally, Qingdao is perhaps best known for its Tsingtao Brewery, founded by a German-British joint venture in 1903 that produces Tsingtao beer, the best-known Chinese export beer. It is also home to Haier, a large white goods manufacturer, and Hisense, a major electronics company. In 2002 guitar manufacturers Epiphone opened a factory in Qingdao. In 1984 the Chinese government named a district of Qingdao a Special Economic and Technology Development Zone (SETDZ). Along with this district, the entire city had gone through amazing development of secondary and tertiary industries. As an important trading port in the province, Qingdao flourishes with foreign investment and international trade. South Korea and Japan in particular made extensive investment in the city. Approximately 80,000 South Korean citizens reside there. Construction proceeds at a relatively fast pace in Qingdao.In terms of primary industry, Qingdao has an estimated 50,000 acres (200 km2) of arable land. Qingdao has a zigzagging pattern coastline, and thus possesses an invaluable stock of fish, shrimp, and other sea resources.Qingdao is also home to a variety of mineral resources. Up to thirty different kinds have been mined.Qingdao's wind power electricity generation performs at among the highest levels in the region. Tourist InformationQingdao attracts many tourists due to its seaside setting and temperate weather. Parks, beaches, sculptures and unique German and modern architecture line the shore. The central tourist information, the Qingdao Information Centre for International Visitors, is located on Middle Hong Kong Road (香港中路).Qingdao's major attractions include:Western Shinan district
Zhan Qiao (Pier)
Little Qingdao Isle (小青岛)
Tian Hou Temple (天后宫), Qingdao Folk Museum
Ba Da Guan (Eight Great Passes) ), the older area of town with some surviving German and Japanese architecture.
Lu Xun Park, named after Lu Xun (鲁迅), modern Chinese writer and critic, who lived and taught in the 1930s.
Zhongshan Park, named after the style name 'Zhongshan' of Sun Yat-sen (孙文，字中山), a famous modern Chinese politician.
Xiao Yu Shan (Little Fish Hill)
Qingdao Botanical Garden
Qingdao Zoological Garden
The twin-spired St. Michael`s Cathedral (Kathedrale St. Michael) (天主教堂), one piece of the famous Neo-romanesque architecture in Qingdao, designed by German architect Alfred Fräbel, completed in 1934.
Huashi Villa (花石楼), a mansion originally built for a Russian aristocrat
Jiaozhou Governor`s Hall (提督府), office building of former German governors (Gouverneurspalast) and former municipal government
Former German Governor's Mansion (Gouverneursvilla)
Xinhao Hill (信号山)
Astronomical Observatory Hill (观象山)
Tuan Dao Shan (Dumpling Peninsula Hill) Underground World of Chinese Mythology, life-size figures and groups depicting scenes from the Chinese mythology.
Qingdao Hill Fort ruins
Qingdao Naval Museum
The Evangelical Church (Evangelisch Kirche) (基督教堂)
Qingdao Bathing Beaches, there are 6 well-known beaches with complete facilities.
Qingdao Aofan sailing base (奥帆基地)
Eastern Shinan district
May Fourth Square (Mai vierten Platz), Coastal plaza with the Wind of May sculpture
Music Square, famous for the Sail of Music
Qingdao Seaside Sightseeing Path
Qingdao International Beer town, the primary site of the annual Qingdao International Beer Festival.
Tsingtao Brewery (Tsingtao-Brauerei), originally founded by Germans and the most exported beer from China.
Qingdao Sculpture Museum
Qingdao Etsong Natural Grass Ski Field
Zhanshan Temple (Dschanschan Tempel), Qingdao's oldest Buddhist temple.
Lao Shan (Mount Lao, Lauschan, 崂山), 40 km (25 mi) east of Qingdao, the most famous Taoist mountain with Taoist retreat – Great Purity
oJufeng (Huge Peak, 巨峰)
oNine Waters & Eighteen Pools (九水十八潭)
oKang Cheng Shuyuan (Kang Cheng Study House, 康成书院)
Other districts of Qingdao
Langya Observation Resort, located in the previous Qi State, Jiaonan City.
Great Wall of Qi
Chanzhi Reservoir, located 10 km (6 mi) to the north of Laixi City, on the middle and upperreaches of the Dagu River.
Sanlihe Garden, Jiaozhou City
Jiaozhou Governor`s Hall (Gouverneurspalast), former seat of the present and previous two governments.